WASTE HEAT TO POWER IN WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT

Quick Details

QUICK DETAILS

Industry
Municipal Waste Water Treatment

Project
North Plant Waste Heat to Power

Owner
Albany County Sewer District

Engineer
CDM Smith

Customer
Albany County Sewer District

Location
Menands, NY

Waste Heat Source
1,000 to 1,250°F exhaust gas from sludge incinerators

Capacity
925 kW

Average Capacity Factor
~67%

Annual Energy Output
3.3 million kWh’s per year, enough to power 3,000 households

Use of Electrical Energy
Onsite consumption

Equipment
Turboden 10HR ORC unit

Commercial Operation
March 2012

Cost
Over 90% financed through NYSERDA and ARRA grants

Savings
est. $480,000 per year

Payback
est. 12.6 years

Unique Aspects
First municipally owned ORC system in North America in the water/wastewater
sector

Project Description

Description

 The Albany County Sewage District’s (ACSD) North Plant uses multiple-hearth incineration as the ultimate disposal method for sewage-sludge produced in their 35 million gallon per day waste water treatment plant. The flue-gas exhausted from the incinerators is ducted to a waste heat to power system where it is used to make electricity which is used onsite. This system is not intended to export power to the utility, neither is it intended to stand alone and be off the grid. It was built to use the available waste heat from the existing incinerators to generate a portion of the plant’s electrical and space heating needs.

During the wastewater treatment process, the plant incinerators run 112 hours/week on average. During this time, the heat recovery system ducts the 1,000 to 1,250°F gas flow to the Turboden 10HR organic rankine cycle (ORC) system where it boils an organic, high molecular mass fluid to create a high pressure vapor. This vapor from the ORC runs a turbine that generates electricity and the vapor is condensed back to a liquid in the closed loop system. During cold weather months, lower temperature waste heat exiting the waste heat to power system is used for space heating, turning the waste heat to power system into a combined heat and power system for that period of time. Total annual electricity production of 3.3 million kWh’s per year is enough to power 3,000 households, while reducing the District’s natural gas consumption by 100,000 therms per year, and reducing GHG emissions by 1,445 tons/yr.

Operational Benefits

  • Uses an onsite waste heat that had been vented
  • System is easy to use and requires no operators beyond those already at the plant

Economic Benefits

  • The plant saves about $475,000 per year in electric and natural gas costs
  • Construction and maintenance of waste heat to power facility created new jobs

 

Environmental Benefits

  • Produces emission free power – The innovative ORC system generates about 3,300,000 KWh emission-free electricity through a closed internal process
  • Reduces natural gas consumption – The use of waste heat to power avoids the burning of 100,000 Therms of Natural Gas per year

Awards

  • 2013 ACEC Diamond Award For Excellence in the Category of Energy
  • New York Water Environment Association 2013 Sustainability Award

 

WASTE HEAT TO POWER IN WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT

The Heat is Power Association (HiP) is the trade association for the waste heat to power (WHP) industry. WHP uses waste heat from industrial processes to generate electricity with no additional fuel, no combustion, and no incremental emissions. HiP educates policy makers about clean energy from waste heat and advocates for policies that provide parity for WHP with other sources of clean energy.
The Heat is Power Association ▪ 2215 S York Road, Suite 202, Oak Brook, IL 60523 ▪ www.HeatisPower.org ▪ Petra@HeatisPower.org